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How Gender, Race, and Ethnicity Affect Charitable Giving

Cover of Women Give 2019. Shows female and male silhouettes in different colors with intersecting lines over them.Do race and ethnicity affect women’s giving? A new report from the Women’s Philanthropy Institute provides insight into this question.

Women Give 2019: Gender and Giving Across Communities of Color, examines giving by men and women across racial and ethnic groups. It combines this data with information on marital status and income to offer insight into the intersection of philanthropy, race, and gender. The study considers the following:

  1. Do different racial/ethnic groups have different giving patterns, and do gender differences affect giving within and across these groups?

  2. Do these groups give to different causes?

  3. Do different racial/ethnic groups have different patterns of volunteering, and do gender differences affect volunteering within and across these groups?

  4. Does wealth affect patterns of volunteering and giving?

Key Findings

  • Households across all racial groups make substantial charitable contributions.
    Although racial disparities in giving do exist, all groups give at a substantial amount. These differences in giving are lessened among high-net-worth donors.

  • All racial groups give to both secular and religious causes.

  • Income affects giving patterns.
    Religious organizations top the charitable causes supported by all racial groups of the general population. High-net-worth households, however, give most to secular causes addressing basic needs.

  • Race does not have a significant impact on the amount given to charitable causes.
    When viewed as a percentage of income, there is no significant difference between the charitable contributions made by African American, Hispanic, and white households.

  • But a donor’s gender does.
    Gender differences in giving are consistent across racial groups. Single women donate more than single men, and married couples donate more than both.

  • Volunteering does differ by race.
    Among the general population, white households volunteer the most. Among high-net-worth households, Hispanics who take the lead in volunteering. Although these findings do not control for other factors that may influence volunteer behavior, however.

  • And also by gender.
    Gender differences in volunteering resemble gender differences in donating, except for Asian American households, where single men volunteer most, followed by married couples.

Erica RobertsErica Roberts is a communications coordinator for Candid. She is a recent graduate from UCLA, where she studied economics and gender studies.

Topics: Women and Philanthropy Gender and Philanthropy Race and Philanthropy Ethnicity and Philanthropy